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Attacks are moves that deal direct damage to the opponent. It is important to understand the nuanced properties of your character's attacks in order to play them effectively.

Block, Hit and CH Frames

Most attacks have very different situations on block and on hit.

Generally, an attacker who gets blocked is left at minus (-) frames, recovering slower than their opponent and losing the initiative. But an attacker who hits is at heavy plus (+) frames and can attack the stunned opponent again with less fear of getting interrupted. Low attacks typically have far more - frames on block and less + frames on hit.

Certain attacks give more + frames on counter hit or give guaranteed extensions, which may be confirmable.

Status Properties

Counter Hit

A counter hit (CH for short) occurs when an attack interrupts or trades blows with an opponent's attack. Moves inflict slightly more damage on CH (to be precise, they are scaled by 120%), while others gain unique properties. Some CH properties include:

Although virtually every character benefits from landing counter hits, it is seen as more central to certain characters' gameplans than others, such as Steve and Bryan. Nearly every character has a basic confirmable counter hit string off of their jab, which can easily help shut down mashing and cheese and is a good way to start conditioning opponents to respect you.

Clean Hit

A clean hit (CL) is a range-based property that certain moves have. CL gives improved effects when an attack is landed in a way that meets its CL condition (usually landing the attack particularly close to the target).

Some examples:

  • Paul's qcf+2 - Deals extra damage to close opponents
  • Nina's f,F+4 - Deals extra damage when clean hit on downed opponent
  • Feng's SS 4 - Sweeps on clean hit
  • Akuma's d+3 - Can combo on clean hit

Combo Properties

More information: Combo


Launchers are attacks that initiate air-juggles by giving the player enough frame advantage to use moves before their opponent lands on the ground.

If an attack gives enough frame advantage only for particular guaranteed follow ups, it isn't considered a juggle combo and therefore not a launcher.


Tailspin, also known as screw is a combo extension mechanic introduced in Tekken 7, replacing the bound mechanic from Tekken 6 and Tekken Tag Tournament 2. Each character's tailspin attacks are indicated with the green icon.

Moves with the tailspin property will screw airborne opponents in an arc, causing them to land on their shoulders in a feet-up position. This allows for the player character to more easily follow up with a variety of attacks and extend their air combo.


Tornado is the Tekken 8 combo extender. It differs from Tailspin in that it not longer Balcony Breaks, allowing for combo extensions at the wall. Additionally it doesn't give as much wall carry, instead allowing for easier pickups after.

Wall breaker

A move that breaks walls without spending screw.


Spikes moves used on an airborne target, force opponents into a knockdown that can only be teched by holding back. They can usually be recognised as moves that spike opponents downward.

They also initiate floor breaks when used on airborne opponents.

Examples include:

  • Asuka's d+2
  • Lee's f+4,3
  • Jack-7's f,f+1


Similiarly to spikes, slams initiate floor breaks when used on mid-air opponents. They do not leave opponents face down.

Strong Aerial Tailspin

This section could do with more detail.

Offensive Properties

Attack properties that bolster their offensive capabilities.


More information: Tracking

Homing attacks have large lateral hitboxes and automatically realign to the opponent, allowing them to catch sidesteps in virtually every scenario. This is not the same as tracking, which is often only relegated to catching a specific sidestep direction.

They are denoted in the in-game movelist by a blue circular arrow icon.

Reversal Break

This section could do with more detail.

Introduced in Tekken 8, attacks with this property cannot be parried with regular reversals or sabakis, or power crushed through. By default, Rage Arts, Heat Smashes and power crushes that have absorbed an attack have this property applied.

Defensive Properties

Attack properties that bolster their defensive capabilities.


The crush system determines which moves have invincibility to specific type(s) of attacks. It was introduced in Tekken 5 in order to ensure consistency in situations where certain attacks interact with each other. When an attack has a crush property active, it will avoid all attacks of the corresponding type regardless of its hitbox or collision detection.

High crush

sometimes written cs (crouching state) or tc (technically crouching)

Moves that crush high attacks, typically by appearing to crouch under them. This is perhaps the most common form of crush, as it applies to nearly all crouching moves, including standard ones such as the crouch jab and crouch shin kick.

Low crush

sometimes written js (jumping state) or tj (technically jumping)

Moves that crush low attacks, typically by appearing to jump over them. Low crushes tend to be less reliable than their high counterpart, as the most common form of low crush, the hopkick, is unsafe on block. Nonetheless, many characters still have many safe low crushing moves.

Crushing vs. evasion

Whilst a crush is active, the active frames of the opponent's moves of the crush's type are effectively negated. Though this typically refers to something that is binary and hard programmed into the game itself, there are also moves that may simply have higher or lower hurtboxes in certain parts. These may still be argued to be crushing moves, as they can be used in the same way and give the same result, even if the rules of such are less consistent in every situation.

For an example on how this distinction matters: some standing moves may duck under jabs and other small high attacks, such as Paul's df+2, but don't actually count as being in a crouching state. This means that, unlike proper crouching state moves, it won't evade high moves with a lower hitbox, such as throws. Another important exception is Xiaoyu's Art of Phoenix stance, which relies on ducking Xiaoyu's hurtbox so low to the ground that only certain mids can reach her. This may be colloquially called a "mid crush", but this isn't a true crush behavior as certain low reaching mids will still be able to make contact with her.

Power Crush

Introduced in Tekken 7, Powercrush attacks give super armor, allowing them to power through mid and high attacks without being interrupted.

  • If a powercrush absorbs an attack, the move deals more damage and is safer on block.
  • Mid powercrushes are generally unsafe on block at -12 or -13 (unless they absorb an attack). High powercrushes are always safe on block.
  • Powercrushes cannot go through lows and throws.
  • In Tekken 8, Powercrush armor typically starts up within 7 frames.
  • Throwing an opponent during a power crush (even in its recovery) makes the throw inescapable. For chain throws, only the first throw becomes inescapable.
  • Unblockable attacks will always beat out powercrushes.
  • Damage taken while armoring through an attack is completely recoverable health, but the damage is still lethal (This is unlike other forms of chip damage in Tekken 8 that deal non-lethal damage).

Rage Art special power crush properties

  • Armor starts up within 8 frames (1 frame slower than a normal powercrush)
  • 25% damage reduction of incoming attacks (Yoshimitsu's second Rage Art provides a 75% damage reduction)
  • Doesn't count as a counter hit if you hit a Rage Art startup before powercrush activation frames (usually frame 8)
  • Uninterruptible by lows, throws and unblockable attacks

Rage Art Power Crush

Rage Arts and generic running tackle have enhanced powercrushing capabilities.

Can't be counter hit, uninterruptible by lows or throws.


An attack that has a specific parry window within its startup is typically known as a Sabaki. Since the attack comes out even if it doesn't parry anything, Sabakis can double as predictive pokes or abare tools that are inherently harder to punish than a regular parry due to said follow-up. Since the parry frames of a Sabaki sometimes start up faster than other defensive tools like powercrushes, they may also be used in the gaps of strings and frame traps to get out of otherwise inescapable scenarios.

Asuka is a character known for her variety of strong and rewarding Sabaki moves. Other characters also have one or two moves with Sabaki properties.

Complete Evasion

This section could do with more detail.

Introduced in Tekken 8, techniques with this property can evade moves with the Reversal Break property.

Strong Parry

Techniques that can counter attacks like elbows, knees, headbutts, body charges, airborne attacks and weapon attacks. They cannot counter throws, unblockable attacks or maximum hold moves. They also cannot counter attacks with a Reversal Break property, such as Rage Arts, Heat Smashes and power crushes that have absorbed an attack.

Wall Properties

Wall Splat

If a move causes a tornado or is simply coded to interact with the wall on its knockdown, it causes an opponent to splat onto the wall. This enables a wall combo followup that differs in damage and advantage per character, even allowing use of a tornado for extension if it hasn't been used already.

Certain moves, though they may appear to knock back in a way that would wallsplat, are programmed not to do so, likely for balance reasons.

Wall Bounce

Added in Season 2 of Tekken 7, wall bounces are moves that cause an opponent's collision with the wall to rebound back towards the player, allowing for a juggle. They also cause a wall break. Wall Bounces are currently not present in Tekken 8.

Wall Crush

This section could do with more detail.

Miscellaneous Properties

Nosebleed stun

If opponent holds down they will fall on the ground briefly entering white airborne state [needs video]

Double-over stun

If opponent holds forward or tap any direction in a small window, they will escape the stun and will be able to block.[1]


Not an actual property, but some moves move the character with their hurtboxes away from the opponent for a bit before the attack comes out.

Other non-exclusive properties of attacks